The plastic pollution problem
These days plastic pollution problem has become one of the biggest environmental issues. This problem is most visible in developing countries where garbage collection systems are inefficient or non-existent.
Plastic is a polymeric material, that is, a material with very large molecules, often resembling long chains made up of a seemingly infinite sequence of interconnected connections.
However, the average customer today comes into constant touch with all sorts of plastic products. Those products were explicitly designed to defeat natural decay processes. In natural surroundings, because synthetic plastics are mostly non-biodegradable, they appear to persist.
What happens with a used plastic bottle?
Some of the bottles end up in a landfill. So, this dump expands each day. Trash is constantly coming and it takes up space. While sitting there, other junk is compressing the plastics. In there all the water from the rain slows through the waste and it absorbs the water-soluble compounds it contains, and some of those are highly toxic. Together, they create a harmful stew called leachate. It can move into groundwater, poisoning ecosystems and harming wildlife.
Some of the plastic bottles after becoming a trash can float on a trickle that reaches a stream that flows into a river. Then, that river reaches the ocean. They are lost in the sea for months, but they slowly are reaching into the massive vortex, where trash accumulates, known as Great Pacific Garbage Patch. In here, some animals, seabirds, for example, get entangled in the mess. They and the other animals mistake this garbage for food. So plastic makes them feel full when they are not. Afterward, they starve to death.
A chain of sea animals is eating toxic food. Most likely the humans will eat those fish. Therefore, plastic in the ocean is a high risk for everyone.
Ocean plastic pollution
Scientists carrying out plankton research in the late 1960s and early 1970s first found plastic waste in the ocean. The oceans and beaches still generate much of the attention of those who study and seek to minimize plastic pollution. It is showing that floating plastic waste accumulates in five subtropical gyres that cover 40 percent of the world’s oceans.
Approximately 8 million tons of plastic enter the ocean every year. We face a future of more plastic waste in the ocean than fish by 2050 if business continues as normal. Our plastic consumption and waste mismanagement condemns countless marine birds and animals to death and also contributes to the chemical pollution of the fish we consume.
Effects of ocean pollution
When it comes to the affection from the ocean contamination, there are several effects:
1.Impacts of plastic on the marine environment
As we said earlier, plastic dumped in the ocean may become broken down into smaller pieces, but it never fully disappears. The animal world eats these plastics. They mistake them for food, so they feel full, but actually, they are starving. Consequently, the aquatic world dies.
2.Endangering the food we eat
There are a lot of products in human meal, which are endangered of the invisible plastic from the ocean.
3.Bad effect on human health
Several chemicals are carcinogenic. They interfere with the human’s endocrine system and cause reproductive, neurological, and immune disorders.
Most plastics don’t biodegrade. They are breaking down into smaller pieces- Micro Plastics. They might rotate eternally.
It is understood that plastic contamination harms aquatic life’s fertility, development, and survival. Smaller particles are of particular concern because they are the same size as zooplankton-eaten foods that underlie the underwater food chain and play an important role in global climate regulation. The new data shows that in some waters there might be more microplastic particles than zooplankton.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch in the north-central Pacific Ocean is a plastic waste gyre. It is the world’s biggest accumulation of plastic.
Often known as the Pacific trash vortex, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch covers oceans from the North American West Coast to Japan. Currently, the patch consists of the Western Garbage Patch, situated near Japan, and the Eastern Garbage Patch, located between the Hawaii and California states of the United States.